Orthopaedic problems are the injuries and diseases related to musculoskeletal system in the body. There are both surgical and non-surgical treatments to cure the musculoskeletal injuries, trauma, infections, degenerative diseases, tumors and congenial disorders. The entire musculoskeletal system includes bones, joints, ligaments, tendons, muscles and nerves that help the human body in being mobile and active. To cure any problem related to skeletal structure of the body, you would need an orthopaedist, a specialist or a surgeon or a physician who can diagnose problems related to bones and joints.

Orthopaedic surgeons can manage specific complications of the musculoskeletal system through diagnosis of simple to complex injuries, disorder alignment, rehabilitation through physical therapy to regain the strength and mobility, preventive measures and treatment plans against injury and slowing down the progression of diseases. Orthopaedist prefer and excel in their choice of interest and focus on specific fields like padiatrics, trauma or sports medicine. Few physicians have versatile focus with many specializations in orthopaedics.

Generally there are two types of treatment for healing orthopaedics complications, surgical treatment and non-surgical treatment. Orthopaedic surgeons follow various types of surgeries like Arthroscopy, Fusion, Internal Fixation, Joint Replacement, Osteotomy and Soft Tissue Repair.


Arthroscopy also known as arthroscopic surgery is a minimal invasive surgical procedure performed to either evaluate or treat many orthopaedic conditions including torn floating cartilage, torn surface cartilage, ACL reconstruction, and trimming damaged cartilage. An Orthopaedic Surgeons examine the joint area on a video monitor, and identify the problem area to repair torn joint tissue, such as ligaments and menisci or cartilage. Arthroscopic examination is possible for almost all joint areas in the human body. Knee, shoulder, elbow, wrist, ankle, foot, and hip joints can be easily examined and treated by Arthroscopy. Arthroscope is inserted into the joint through a small incision.


The surgical procedure to rectify problems with the small bones of the spine (vertebrae) is Spinal Fusion. It is basically like a welding process to fuse the painful vertebrae so that they heal into a single solid bone.

Usually a surgeon advises to undergo a spine fusion, only if he/she is able to identify the exact source of the pain. It is evaluated through a series of tests like x-rays, computed tomography (CT), and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) scans.

Spinal Fusion can relieve you from many of the diseases like Degenerative Disk Disease, Spondylolisthesis, Spinal Stenosis, Scoliosis, Fracture, Infection, and Tumor.

Internal Fixation

In Internal fixation, the surgeon lines up the pieces of bone using artificial material like metal plates, rods, nails and screws. The surgeon closes the skin after lining up the bones, in the process the metal pieces hold the bone tight which help to heal the joint.

Joint Replacement

Joint replacement can be either total or partial or revision in hip or knees. Hip/knee replacement surgeries are performed by the expert surgeon who understands the total anatomy of the human skeleton. Hip Replacement is the surgical procedure to replace the diseased hip joint with the artificial material like plastic or metal. It can either be partial or total hip replacement surgery.

Knee replacement is a surgical procedure to replace the diseased knee joints with artificial material like plastic and metal. It is performed by the expert knee replacement surgeon.


The surgical operation carried to correct the bone that has healed crookedly by a fracture is Osteotomy. It is usually to cut, to shorten, lengthen or change any abnormalities in the alignment. The surgery is performed under general anaesthetia. It is one of the method to relieve stress and pain from arthritis, especially of the hip and knee.